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14秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业二满分答案

福师《现代语言学》在线作业二 单选题 判断题 一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。 ) 1. A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another. A. perfomation B. feature C. distinctive feature D. function -----------------选择:C 2. Which of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics? A. Phonetics B. Phonology C. Morphology D. Dialectology -----------------选择:D 3. ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing. A. Exophoric B. Anaphoric C. Endophoric D. Cataphoric -----------------选择:B 4. ( )is a morphological variant of morpheme. A. Allomorph B. Word C. Segment D. Morph -----------------选择:A 5. ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts. A. Pragmatics B. Discourse analysis C. Dialectology D. Morphology -----------------选择:B 6. ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms. A. Lexical meaning B. Sentential meaning C. Utterance meaning D. Literal meaning -----------------选择:D 7. Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics? A. Phonetics B. Phonology C. Morphology D. Dialectology -----------------选择:D 8. '( ) is a concretisation of the biological and sociological aspects of arbitrariness and non-arbitrariness of language A. Arbitrariness B. Genetic-cultural transmission C. Non-arbitrariness D. Duality -----------------选择:B 9. ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context. A. Word B. Sentence C. Utterance D. Morpheme -----------------选择:C 10. Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals. A. function B. design features C. importance D. performance -----------------选择:B 11. ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language A. Phoneme B. Stress C. Tempo D. Morpheme -----------------选择:D 12. ( ) is the science that studies sounds A. Phonetics B. Phonology C. Morphology D. Dialectology -----------------选择:A 13. 'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ). A. Noam Chomsky B. Jacobson C. Haliday D. Nida -----------------选择:A 14. ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word. A. Functional B. Lexical C. Grammatical D. Performative -----------------选择:B 15. ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels. A. Ar



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