当前位置: 首页 > >

2017年江苏成人学士学位英语考试复习资料大全_图文

2017 年江苏成人学士学位英语考试复习资料总结大全

习大大上台以来,各种各样的改革纷沓至来。成人教育专升本科考试也变得越来越规范,越来越严 格了,现在想要取得成人本科学士学位必须要通过学位英语考试。以前的学位英语考试比较松,有的地 方学校会给予帮助(有题目和答案,带进考场抄抄就行,有的直接交钱有枪手替考的) ,现在没人敢这 么做了。因为以前作弊叫违规,现在叫违法,没人愿意为了这点小钱被逮进去的。所以学位英语的考试 难度就加大了,有的年纪大的人根本就不去考试了,放弃学位了。现在,我就以一个过来人的身份给众 位希望获得学位证书的朋友讲讲自己学位英语考试的一点心得体会。 江苏省学位英语考试的教材是凤凰出版传媒集团 江苏人民出版社 成人学士学位英语考试指南 (封 皮是黄色的) ,江苏省学位英语命题研究中心审定的。 2013 年之前(包括 2013) ,江苏省学位英语考试的题目有 70~80%是书后面练习题的原题。题型包 括:一、听力理解(20 分) ;二、阅读理解(30 分) ;三、完形填空(10 分) ;四、词语用法和语法结 构(15 分) ;五、英译汉(10 分) ;六、写作(15 分) 。其中词语用法和语法结构性价比较低(题目太 多,内容太多,分值不高) ,听力的性价比最高(几乎全是原题,而且简单) ,阅读理解以前的性价比也 很高(有 2~3 篇原题) ,完型以前的性价比也很高(原题) ,作文以前的性价比也很高(原题,不过背的 要多一些) ,翻译是阅读里的句子(部分原题) 。这上面的性价比是没改革之前的,原题很多,考 60 分 并不难。 然而, 在 2014 年开始, 江苏省学位英语考试的题目有了一定的变化, 考教材的内容似乎只占了 45%, 听力作文原题,但是阅读理解一篇原题都没有(坑爹啊) ,据说,阅读考的是 2003 年的原题。本人是 2015 年参加的考试,更为坑爹,貌似只有听力是原题,语法结构我没看教材,不知道是不是原题,总 之,原题所占的比例越来越低了,2015 年估计只有 20~30%。想要通过考试没有一定的英语水平是很难 的。 现在考试越来越规范了,当然,相比公务员考试还是松很多的。本来考试迟到是不准进考场的,但 是我那个考场里有人迟到了,但是监考老师通融了。先说说考试的时候要注意的地方:2015 年听力 20 分全部原题, 我根本没听就把答案全写上了, 监考老师还过来看我怎么在做其他题目, 即便没做过原题, 题目也非常的简单(傻瓜式的问答) 。然后阅读理解一篇原题也没有,第三篇很难,也长的要死。然后, 完型也不是原题,慢慢做吧。语法本人没看,只能一个一个做了。接下来就坑爹了,考卷一共两份,第 一份全是客观题,坑爹的是要第一份收上去再发第二份考卷(主观题) 。我当时在等发第二份考卷,答 题卡没去涂,后来还有几分钟,老师说要收答题卡了,我慌得半死,急急忙忙涂完,都没来得及检查自 己有没有涂错,一共 80 个题,我也记不清自己涂了 80 个还是 75 个了,郁闷了好久,万一涂了 75 个 估计下次还得来。最后是翻译和作文,也不是原题。当时心都凉了,准备了那么久,背了那么多题目, 结果只考到了 20 分,运气真差。 本人考试前三个礼拜就开始准备了,每天 2 小时做题背题,当然周末也会偷偷懒什么的。考试前几 乎把题目倒背如流了,心想:小样看你怎么逃出我的手掌心。结果只有 20 分原题,我其余 80%的努力 全白费了,郁闷的要死,而且,如果答题卡再涂错,真 TM 要命啊。 总结, 现在的学位英语考试考得原题是越来越少了, 想通过背题通过的朋友们还是把这个时间放到 如何提升自己的英语水平上来吧。当然,听力的原题一定要背熟。还有考过的题目应该是不会考第二遍 的,所以,可以把以前考过的题目去掉,看剩下的。为了以防万一(考原题) ,我把各部分题目和答案 精简了一下,贴出来给大家。阅读理解的序号是不对的,看文章标题吧。词语用法和语法结构性价比太 低,就不贴出来了。 先发一下自己的分数

忘了说了, 我是有自己的原因才上成人本科的, 我本来就是本科生, 英语六级的 (好几年前考过的) , 所以即便一个原题都没有我也应该问题不大的。 。 。 。只是要重新拿起而已。

一、听力理解
听力 1 1 Me? just a little 你问我,我才听明白了一点点 2 I'm afraid I can't, as I am busy with the final preparation 恐怕我不能,因为我忙着最后的 准备 5 It's really unimaginable 这的确是难以想象的事 6 classmates 同学和同学 9 USD$280 280 美金 10 He hadn't realized he was speeding 他没有意识到他超速了 11 The balance in her account doesn't match her bank statement 她的账户余额与银行结算 清单不符 12 Either the sender or the receiver of a letter 寄信人与收信人 14 To sit for four hours a day with her leg raised 每天把脚抬起坐四个小时 15 carry his groceries home 把食品带回家 16 she planned to write about the evening school 她计划写一篇关于夜校的报道 17 Have classes 上课 18 It was difficult to choose a present for him 很难给他选择一个礼物 19 she'd hardly brought the right ties for her father 她几乎没有为她父亲买到称心的领带 20 Because it was good but not very expensive 因为它质量好,而且不是很昂贵 听力 2 1 I'm sorry. I'll be back with your order in a minute 对不起,我立刻把你订的食物给你送来 3 Perhaps I got to read through them again 可能我要再检查一遍 5 Yes,but hard cover ones are on sale today 是的,但精装本的词典今天正在发售 6 They let him live with them for free 他们请他免房租与他们同住 7 To meet her friend for her 替她会见一个朋友 9 They try to be friendly to them 他们试图对他们友好 11 There are signs along the road 沿途有很多路标 12 His car was hit from behind 他的车被追尾了 13 He has to finish his report 他要完成他的报告 14 see the Niagara 看到尼亚加拉瀑布 15 In a bookstore 在书店 18 Law 法律 19 It should have books on every subject 它应该收集各个学科的图书 20 The library has more than one function 图书馆的功能不止一个 听力 3 3 Oh,I'm sorry,I didn't notice it 哦,对不起,我没有注意到它 4 Yes,Mr. Johnson is expecting you at three this afternoon 是的,约翰逊今天下午三点会 在此等你 5 How much do you want to change?你想兑换多少钱零钱 7 He is under a lot of stress 他处在很大的压力之下 8 Long holidays attract her 长假吸引她 11 He has to finish writing a paper 他要写完一篇论文

12 A couple of items 一两样东西 13 He is tired of his work 他对工作厌倦了 14 Sample cutting 商品剪样 15 The man is considering renting it 该名男子正考虑租房子 16 He once gave a book as a present 他曾把一本书作为礼物送给别人 17 A novel published 5 years ago 一本 5 年前出版的小说 听力 4 1 No,it is really freezing 是,天气真是寒冷 3 I am trying my best to finish it, But you know, easy said than done 我在尽最大的努力去完 成它,但你知道说起来容易,做起来难 5 I'm sorry Mr. Johnson is at a conference 对不起,约翰逊先生在开会 7 To see a new type of boiler 看到一个新款的壶 8 Call a taxi for him to the hotel 叫辆出租车送他去宾馆 10 Their schoolmates 他们的同学 11 He went for a drink with a friend 他与朋友去喝一杯 12 Help him with his physics 帮他学物理 13 she might get a good job later 她以后也许能找到一份好工作 14 she will be picked up at the station 在车站接她上车 15 He had a slight temperature 他有点发烧 16 They may support the employers 他们可能会支持雇主 17 A third party would impose a settle 第三方会强制推行解决 听力 5 2 I'm sorry. I'll come right away 对不起,我会马上来 3 Thank you for saying so 谢谢你这么说 5 I'm afraid I can't 恐怕不太喜欢 6 Toothpaste,coffee and doll 牙膏,咖啡和玩偶 7 To read the woman's magazine 读那位女士的杂志 8 John has to learn to be independent 约翰要学会独立自主 10 Not to subscribe to the journal 不要订阅这本期刊 11 Drop one course and do it next semester 放弃一门课,下学期再选修 13 He had to finish his paper last night 他昨晚不得不完成他的论文 14 To have a look at another apartment 看一下另一间公寓 16 Receptionist and guest 接待员和来宾 17 126 dollars 126 美元 听力 6 1 What a pity! 太可怜了! 3 Well ,I was informed that I failed in the final exam 嗯,我被告知我期末考试没及格 5 I quite agree with you. They two are always trying to play tricks on teachers 我非常赞同你 的观点。他们两个总是试图捉弄老师 7 If he didn't read the book,he wouldn't pass the course 如果他没有读过那本书就不会通 过考试 8 Because he didn't understand the lecture 因为他不理解讲座内容 9 Mrs. Johnson wouldn't come to the office today 约翰逊夫人今天不会来办公室了

10 Leave the library without borrowing anything 什么也没借,离开图书馆 11 To be a TV news director would be pretty difficult 要电视新闻导演会非常困难 12 Go to see the play with the woman 与这名女子一起去看戏 14 There have no modern facilities 那里没有现代的设施 16 They are discussing about the courses they want to choose 他们正在讨论他们想选修的 课程 17 They are going to go on reading the course catalog 他们打算继续阅读课程目录 18 Go to a liberal arts college or university 去一所文科学院或大学 19 Communication skills 交际技能 20 some students want to attend a liberal arts school because it offers them a better chance to find well-paid jobs in future. 有些学生想要就读于一所文科学院,因为它能在将来提供 他们更好的找到一份高薪工作的机会。 听力 7 1 I'd like to but I'm afraid I can't. I have to pick up my mother tonight at the airport 我想去, 但我恐怕不行。今晚我得去机场接我妈妈。 2 To be frank,it is hard,but I succeed in doing so 坦率地说,这样很难,但是我成功地做 到了 4 I'm sorry, but there is something wrong with the reservation system 很抱歉, 预订系统发生 了故障 5 If you think it is really necessary,I can do it 如果你认为真的有必要的话,我可以加班 8 The man didn't know the arrival time because the train was late 该名男子不知道火车到 达的时间,因为火车晚点了 9 The second hotel will be appropriate because it is nearer to the train station 第二家旅馆更 合适,因为它离火车站更近 10 The coat was the only present her husband gave 这件外套是她丈夫送给她的唯一一件 礼物 11 11:20 12 20 dollars 20 美元 15 Fill in the application form required by the store 填一下书店要求的申请表 16 He was checking e-mail on computer 他正在电脑前收电子邮件 17 Journalism 新闻学 18 Go to have lunch 去吃午饭 19 He must be an experienced pilot 他必须是有经验的飞行员 20 To learn how to build better spaceships 学习如何建造更好的宇宙飞船 听力 8 1 You bet 当然 2 Couldn't be better 一切都好 3 That's just what I'm thinking 我也是这样想的 4 Sure,What about this one? 好的,这件怎么样? 5 Maybe you are right here. I'll do it myself 也许你是对的。我会自己来做 7 The woman's husband was always absent from her birthday party 这位女士的丈夫总是缺 席她的生日宴会 9 Tom likes the color of red most 汤姆最喜欢红色 10 The woman should choose one that is her size 这位女士应选择她自己的尺寸

11 The man shouldn't have trusted Peter 这位男士不能相信彼得 12 she is not so enthusiastic about her studies 她对学习没有那么多的热情 14 Mr. Smith's secretary 史密斯先生的秘书 15 The man is introducing this university to the woman 这位男士正在向女士介绍该所大学 16 He rejects the idea immediately 他立刻反对这个主意 17 Eating less 少吃 听力 9 1 How do you do 你好 3 Yes,it's quite cool today 是的,今天很凉爽 4 Sure ,what can I do for you 当然可以,我能为你做什么? 5 Don't mention it 不谢 6 she must begin writing a paper for her history class 她必须开始撰写历史论文 8 Second gear 二档 10 He ordered apple pie 他点了苹果派 11 From eight o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock at night 从早上八点到晚上 9 点 14 she decided to buy a pair of gold earrings to match a gold necklace that she already had 她决定买一副金耳环和她已经有的金项链相搭配 18 angry 生气 19 You obey all the traffic rules 您遵守所有的交通规则 20 Traffic safety 交通安全 听力 10 2 Thank you very much 非常感谢你 4 Hi, Jim. I haven't seen you for ages 嗨,吉姆。我已经好久没见到你了 5 Ok, thank you very much 好的,非常感谢 6 on the counter 在柜台上 7 she bought him a watch 她给他买了一块手表 9 because it is too formal for the occasion 因为它对于那个场合太正式了 11 the man's mileage is twice that of the woman 那位男士的车耗油里程是女士车的两倍 13 the man will pay thirty dollars 那位男士将支付三十美元 14 twenty-five dollars 二十五美元? 15 he will pay $1.25 他将支付一点二五美元 18 we have more industry 我们有更多的工业 19 industry 工业 20 it's time we did something to reduce pollution 是时候采取措施减少污染了 听力 11 1 sorry, I don't know. You'd better check the TV guide 对不起,我不知道。你最好查阅电视 指南 3 I think there is an English program called Business talk 我想是一档英文商业交谈节目 4 Yes, I'm crazy about pop songs and good at singing them 可以,我对流行音乐非常着迷, 而且擅长唱流行音乐 5 It costs about $135 它的成本约为 135 美元 6 They are talking about gardening equipment 他们正在谈论园艺器具 7 Lee will enter the treasurer's campaign 李将竞选财务主管

11 They should try for a different showing 他们应该试着买不同的场次 12 Steve survived a robbery 史蒂夫在抢劫中幸存下来 14 He isn't hearing things correctly 他没有正确听清楚事情 15 The price of the tickets depends on the size of the children 票价取决于孩子的身高 18 Because of the caller's ignorance 由于打进电话者不了解情况 19 That some people know well about the topic under discussion 一些人很了解正在讨论的 话题 20 The writer tells us that the host is silly 笔者想告诉我们主持人很傻 听力 12 1 It's about $2500 per month 大约每月 2500 美元 3 Yes, I'd love to 是的,我非常愿意 5 Yes, I will see to it 好的,我会负责的 7 His roommates have gone for a walk 他的室友正在散步 8 They will have to wait 他们得等 9 she is worried about her health 她担心她的健康状况 10 They don't completely describe her qualifications 它们不能完全描述她的资质 13 In a clinic 在诊所 15 To see her boyfriend first and then to visit her parents 先去看她的男朋友,再去看她的 父母 16 It sells goods of high quality 它出售高质量的商品 17 It provides higher quality 它打印质量高,而且耐用

听力 13 1 I've been studying hard for my examination 我一直为考试而努力学习 2 That's a very good idea 这是一个非常好的主意 3 It's made of wool 它是由羊毛制成的 4 sure, I'd love to 好啊,我很愿意去 5 Yes. I'd like a cup of onion soup 好的,我想要一杯洋葱汤 6 Cooked something sweet 做了点甜品 7 He tries to be of assistance 他试图提供帮助 9 His friends are going to help him relocate 他的朋友们会来帮他搬家 10 some of the swimmers looked pretty good 一些游泳运动员条件很不错 11 she didn't feel well 她感觉不舒服 13 He caught his leg on some furniture 他的腿碰到家具上弄伤了 14 He is the son of Jeff's aunt or uncle 他是杰夫的堂兄弟或表兄弟 15 They need to compose an essay about the show they will view 他们就所观看的节目撰写 一篇论文 16 There are no commercial interruptions 没有插播广告 17 situation comedies 情景喜剧 听力 14 2 It's quite dull 很乏味 3 I have learned English for about 12 years 我已经学了 12 年英语 5 It's made in France 这是法国制造的

7 she would like the food to be as the surroundings 她希望食物与环境一样好 8 she needs to eat before school 她上学前得吃饭 9 they can give Bob a ride 他们可以送鲍勃一程 10 Take care of the dog's veterinarian visits in the future 以后带狗去瞧兽医时当心点 12 very hard 很难 13 student-student 同学 15 camera store 相机店 16 To learn the proper behavior at an American dinner 学习正确的美国餐桌礼仪 17 when the hostess asks him to leave the table 女主人请他离开餐桌时 18 make sure their students understand 确定学生听懂课了 19 Do the reading assignments 完成阅读任务 20 Through involving students in discussions 让学生参与讨论 听力 15 1 Finance 金融 2 I prefer city life because it is more convenient 我更喜欢方便的城市生活 3 I am busy with my term paper because the deadline is approaching 因为最后期限交到,我 在忙着写论文 5 No, I will see to it 不,我会照管好的 6 she has recently returned from abroad 她刚从国外回来 8 Dave thought he would be slow 戴夫想到他可能会慢一些 9 It looks like it will be a good month 看来这个月将会不错 10 she doesn't like that kind of book 她不喜欢那一类型的书 11 Almost half the class has arrived 几乎一半的学生已经到了 12 The book are left on the left side of the bookrack 这本书在书架的左边 14 she finished her thesis quickly 她迅速地完成了论文 18 Taxes which are too many to list 名目繁多的税款 19 That varies according to how much money a person earns 随收入不同而变化的税 20 Because they find their knowledge about taxes is so limited that they are unable to write tax report all by themselves. 因为他们发现他们的税收方面的知识有限,靠自己无法写报税 单。

二、阅读理解
1. Earthquakes 1.the panic brought about by earthquakes 2.earthquakes may occur anywhere at any time 3.A worldwide earthquake warning network has notbeen put into use 4.is of some help 5.getting prepared and handling the possible destruction beforehand 2. The accuracy of scientific 1. timekeeping methods 2. more precise 3. Scientific research 4. Atomic clocks will be important in space flight 5. A Peacetime Use of the Atom 3. In communities north of Denver 1. A huge financial problem has arisen 2. They pooled their effors to help solve it 3. unthinkable 4. To see if there was a deliberate cover-up of the problem 5. keep people properly informed of the crisis 4. The idea of a fish 1. the torpedo’s electric cells have a shape with six sides 2. to complete the circuit , you have to touch the fish in two places 3. the mass of the fish decides the intensity of electric power it generates 4. compared with those in he torpedo ,the working system of electric plates in the eel is more direct and efficient 5. Electric Fish 5. The making of glass is a very old industry 1. light signals 2. light must first be changed into electrical signals and then into sound 3. Light-wave communication has been for civil use of about 30 years 4. glass fibres are less expensive 5. The ues of glass fibres to carry telephone 6. Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writter 1. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience 2.The chances for a writer to become successful are small 3. He hadn’t seen a change for the better 4. who regret giving up their career halfway 5. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached 7. We all know that DNA 1. they are beyond doubt of common ancestry 2. each Individual carries a unique record of who he is and how he is related to others 3. offering assistance m working out genealogy-related problems 4. we can find the truth from their genetic markers 5. An adopted child generally lacks enough information to prove his identity 8. To the Editor: 1. Possibly, but more information is needed 2. he can then raise the tenant ’s rent 3. An amount equal to the rent increases in tax exemptions 4. their applications are not processed quickly 5.clear 9. We find that bright children 1. approving 2. prevented from advancing 3. total personality 4. Pupil also learn how to partcipate in teaching activities 5. argue for teaching bright and not so bright children in the same class 10. Man’s first real invention…the wheel 1.both B and C(all transportation depends on it ,every machine depends on it) 2.simple 3.there were no wheels in nature 4. slice of log 5. rolling the dead body of an animal on logs 11. By 1970,tigers according to a World Wildlife Fund 1.protect tigers from being killed 2.the tiger is not an efficient hunter as is commonly described 3.expands as the tiger grows up 4.has been carried too far 5.to have a matter-of-fact attitude towards Project Tiger 12. In Washington D.C.,1600 Pennsylvania Avenue 1.because it was to be the nation’s capital city 2.made of gray stone 3.planned by the French 4.because it had burned down during the war 5. cover the marks of fire 13. Sporting activites…hunting behavior 1.have actually developed from hunting 2.our forefathers changing into farmers was the result of social development 3.co-operating hunters 4.hunting 5.Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern man to exercise hunting 14. Computers may one day 1.giant 2.They could be launched into space directly 3.could be

made to adjust their angles 4.save energy and deal with emergencies 5.give an objective account of the mirrors 15. Henry Ford was born in 1863 1.a car with bicycle wheels 2.to build a car many people would have enough money to buy 3.after his car won an important race 4.at a meat-packing factory 5.a good way to build modern cars 16. Oceanography has been defined 1.a business aspect 2.the company which proposed to lay undersea cable 3.to measure the depth of the two oceans 4.challenged 5.the beginning of oceanography 17. Demands for…wildlife in Britain 1.certain species of reptiles and butterflies in Europe need protecting 2.he has presenting the park with a diploma for its achievements 3.certain areas of countryside should be left undisturbed by man 4.should be regarded as a place where nature is protected 5.most nature reserves set up today are mainly for human recreation 18. “…We are not about to enter the Information Age 1.70million 2.one who has never learnt to read 3.the urgency of computer education 4.how to use computers 5.Those who want to use computers should know how computers operate 19. It seems to shine unchangingly(Sun spot) 1.might have a strong influence on the weather patterns 2.They are actually black holes in the sun 3.thinks he has discovered a new possibility in the link between the sun spots and the weather on the Earth 4.it is sure that the energy sent out by the sun will drop when more sun spots appear 5.Magnetism and the Sun Spots 20. If you want to stay young 1.why certain people age sooner than others 2.Because they seldom sit down and have a good think 3.Shrinking of our brains has nothing to do with our ages 4.persons chosen to be studied in an experiment 5.Lawyers 21. The interview is an important 1.make yourself stand out as the right person for the job 2.should not speak ill of him 3.keep up your confidence 4.when you have been offered the job 5.to make your strengths understood 22. The cowboy is the hero 1.courage and adventure 2.to take care of cattle 3.the railroad towns hundred miles away 4.keeping an eye on cattle thieves 5.they liked their way of life 23. There are two kinds of memory:short-term and long-term 1.how students remember English vocabulary by short-term memory 2.Henning gave a separate test on vocabulary to his students 3.advanced students remember words by their meaning 4.the student experimented on 5.short-term memory 24. Although no one is certain 1.continued migrating 2.there were too many birds 3.To test the relationship between daylight and migration 4.longer days cause changes in the bodies of birds 5.exact reasons for migration are not known 25. Death comes quickly in the mountains 1.they fail to realize how dangerous avalanches can be 2.typical of conditions resulting in avalanches 3.the ice between different sections of snow melts 4.measures are taken to prevent serious avalanches 5.they stay on the offieially approved slopes 26. About 70million Americans…lose weight 1.To work hard 2.both A and B(they want to look attractive/keep fit)3.Americans need losing weight 4.diet books are not always effective 5.there is not a sure way of losing weight as yet 27. Washington Irving 1.a great writer who was successful in his own country and other parts in the world 2.Irving ’s work was not only popular, but also of high literary quality 3.He spent very little time working as a lawyer 4.Becaues his parents were not aristocratic 5.It had almost no effect on his life

28. Without a blood supply organs deteriorate 1.worsen 2.brain is more delicate than most organs 3.Kidney may be damaged when frozen to an extremely low degree 4.Cornea 5.keeps blood cells alive very long in subzero temperatures 29. When a consumer finds that an item 1.show some written proof of the purchase to the store 2.the store manager 3.explaining exactly what it wrong with the item 4.meet the standard of 5.how to make an effective complaint about a faulty item 30. Modern mass-production methods 1.the price of the goods should drop 2.increased demand led to mass production 3.competition among manufactuers 4.independently of each other 5.both A and B(as much as they like,better quality merchandise) 31. The translator must…target language 1.a language the translator is proficient in 2.pay attention to other ’s opinions 3.get well acquainted with his subject 4.keep pace with the times 5.The ability to speak the languages he translates 32. Normally a student must attend 1.12 2.to take a particular course in a different university 3.their academic performance will affect their future careers 4.such positions help them get better jobs 5.keeping up the students’ enthusiasm for social activities 33. Money laundering 1.the US Mafia 2.global markets are liberalized and exchange controls are deregulated 3.Owing to the constant effort all over the world,the phenomenon of money laundering has already dramatically decreased 4.unreal 5.It is thought that the key to putting an end to money laundering is banks’publicity 34. After inventing dynamite…Alfred Nobel 1.1901 2.To recognize worthwhile contributions to humanity 3.Ceremonies are held on December 10 to commermorate Nobel’s invention 4.Science 5.103 35. In a society…United States or Canada 1.the United States is a country of multiculture 2.Independent thinking adapts them to a disciplined society 3.is the combination of Western and Oriental methods 4.different educational systems reflect culture of the societies 5.the differences in methods of education between Orient and West 36. Dear would,Aboy starts school today 1.a mother 2.the process of knowing this world 3.devil 4.break his faith 5. optimistically 37. If women are mercilessly exploited 1.by constantly changing the fashions in women ’s chothing 2.a waste of time 3.comfort 4.New fashions in clothing are created for the commercial exploitation of women 5.men are more reasonable in the matter of fashion 38. There are places in the world…much longer 1.Person who is 100 or more years old 2.don’t have a placid state of mind 3.their food are not as polluted as those in industrialized society 4.there is no retirement age the aged must observe 5.A large extended family 39. If you’re finding it tough to land a job 1.a positive experience 2.specific 3.you can learn from them 4.always keep an optimistic spirit 5.Job-hunting strategies 40. One of the most authoritative voices 1.Disapproving 2.Customer-appeal 3.advertisers 4.alter its image 5.Advertising and Manufacturers 41. Honda Motor Co., Japan’s 1.environmental pollution 2.Not all Accord models produced so far are on the list of recall 3.its low price but high quality 4.dealer 5.Defective Part to Be Replaced Free 42. Would you quit your Job…money? 1.he had become rich enough to enjoy the rest of his life without having to work 2.people derive great satisfaction from the challenges of work 3.deeply absorbed 4.Fowler found working more enjoyable than vacationing 5.conquering tough work is a satisfying experience 43. Harriet Beecher Stowe…Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1.nobody knew that it would be a very popular

book 2.the Bible 3.they thought slavery was good 4.she witnessed the evils of the slavery system 5.said it as a kind of joke

三、完形填空

五、英译汉
练习一
2、数百年来,地震的不可知性给地震蒙上极大的恐惧和惊慌,然而近几次的地 震发生前已显露一些 迹象。 This element of the unknown has of centuries added greatly to the fear and horror surrounding earthquakes ,but in recent times there have been indications that earthquake prediction may be possible。 3、科学观察和计算的精确度常取决于科学家的计时方法。 The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist ’s timekeeping methods。 4、在弗雷德里克地区,学生家长们出资购买教室用品,并主动为学校第一年的教师和校长们支付所需 的各类杂货及水电费, 以此来留住他们继续工作下去。 In Frederick , students’ parents are buying classroom supplies and offering to pay for groceries and utilities to keep first-year teachers and principals in their jobs。 5、一位学生说:“关于这个地区的流言正以闪电般的速度传播着,我们想知道真相,并传播真相。 “Pumors about what’s happening to the district are moving at lighting speed。 ”said a student。 “we wanted to know the truth ,and spread that around instead 。 ”

练习二
8、鱼产生的电流能点亮电灯—或者甚至能带动小型电动马达—是多么不可思议,但有些鱼确实可以。 The idea of a fish being able to generate electricity strong enough to light lamp bulbs-or even to run a small electric motor-is almost unbelievable,but several kinds of fish are able to do this。 10、摆在我面前阻碍我成为一名成功学生的现实就在于工科与文科并不像我在高中时认为的那样,两 者并非简单地合在一起。 The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don’t mix as easily as I assumed in high school。

练习三
11、光到达另一端后,首先转化成电流信号,随后再转为声音信息。 When the light reaches the other end,it is first changed into electrical signals,which are in turn converted into sound messages。 12、多数情况下,这些人正梦想着的是财富和名望,而不是在打字机前长时间地工作。 In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame,not the long hours alone at a typewriter。 14、在很多地区,相当多的人曾因一些悲剧事件而失去他们珍贵的资料,如 1921 年内战期间爱尔兰 法庭失火这样的悲剧,又如美国奴隶,对于他们来说最初就有很多珍贵资料未能保留下来。 There are many communities and populations which have lost precious records due to tragic events such as the fire in the Irish courts during Civil War in 1921 or American slaves for whom many records were never kept in the first place。 15、理论上,有一天任何人都能通过这个资料库查出他或她家族的起源。 Theoretically,any individual will someday be able to trace his or her family origins through this database。

练习四
17、我请求你阐明这个问题,这样我们这个城市里贫穷的老人就可以了解到他们有资格享有住房的津 贴。

I appeal to you to clarify this issue so that the poor elderly of our city may become aware of the housing benefits for which they quality。 19、我们关心的是全面充分地发展我们每位学生的能力,而不仅仅是他们的学习能力。 We are concerned to develop the ability of all our pupils into the full,not just their academic ability。 20、我们期望学生们能够不遗余力尽其所能,为达到此目标我们也将给予我们充分的鼓励。 We expect our pupils to do their best , not their least , and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal。

练习五
21、轮子是最简单的发明,或许也是最伟大的发明,因为自然界原本没轮子 — 没有任何生物是轮子 创造的。 The wheel is the simplest yet perhaps the most remarkable of all inventions,because there are no wheels in nature-no living was ever created with wheels。 24、这个方案给印度和国外的研究者提供了机会,使他们可以在保护区内研究老虎,收集以前难以获 得的有关老虎习性的资料。 The project provided opportunities for researches from India and abroad to study tigers in the reserves and gather previously unavailable information about their habits。 25、土地问题变得越来越严重了,令很多农民感到痛心的是,一些肥沃的森林地区被圈起来,建成了 老虎保护区。 Land problem is becoming serious and many rural people feel bitter about the fact that some rich forests are reserved for tigers。

练习六
27、最初白宫是灰的,并且被叫做总统府。 Originally the White House was gray and was called the President Palace。 28、这种新的活动包括原先狩猎的一系列行为,而目的已不再是避免饥饿。 This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation。 29、一些科学家认为可用 16 面直径为半英里的镜子将反射光照射到地球面积约为 6 万平方英里的区 域。 Some scientists say that 16 of these mirrors,each about half a mile across,could aim their reflected light at one area on the earth that was about 200 miles by 300 miles。 30、目前,人们还不知道这种人造白天对植物、动物和人会有什么影响。 What no one knows yet is what effect this artificial daytime would have on plants,animals,and humans。

练习七
32、福特意识到他可以用这种装配线的方法来生产他的汽车。 Ford realized he could use this assembly line method to build cars。 33、在初试阶段海底电缆没能安装成功,当研究人员将电缆运出海面对其进行检修时发现电缆表面长 满了瘤状物,这个事实表明海洋深处并不存在生命,这与现代科学见解相左。 At the early attempts,the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growth, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea。 34、由 21 个成员国组成的欧洲委员会的一项研究显示, 45%的爬行物种及 24%的 蝴蝶濒临灭绝。 Students by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 percent of reptile species and 24 percent of butterflies are in danger of dying out。

35、鲍姆博士继续说道,“没有工业产品我们一样能活下去,但脱离了自然我们就无法生存。 ” Dr. Baum went on, “we could manage without most industrial products ,but we could not manage without nature。 ”

练习八
39、目前的看法似乎是这样的: 这必须包括一种关于计算机本身定义的基本知识,还需具备一些计算 机的发展历史及操作知识。 The current opinion seems to be that this should include a general knowledge of what computers are,plus a little of their history and something of how they operate。 40、我们能够有效地使用各种电子设备,而不需要知道它们的历史或者它们是如何工作的。 We effectively use all types of electrical equipment without being able to tell their history or to explain how they work。

练习九
42、这些区域释放的能量和光线较弱,因而从地球上看,表面几乎形成不规则的暗区。 As a result,these areas send out less heat and light and thus appear from earth to be almost dark irregular surface patches。 43、电脑技术让研究者能准确地测量大脑前部和侧面的容量,它们的智力、情感有关,决定着人的性 格。 Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements to the volume of the front and side sections of the brain,which relate to intellect and emotion,and determine the human character。 44、面试是求职过程中一件重要的事,因为你和面试人一起度过的那二三十分钟可能决定你是否能得 到你想要的那个工作。 The interview is an important event in the job-hunting process,because the 20 or 30 minutes you spend with the interviewer may determine whether or not you get the particular job you want。 45、如果有可能的话,你应在得到一份工作,并且在你做好准备完成日常文书工作后再与雇佣方协商 工资问题。 If possible ,you should negotiate for salary after you have been offered a job and when you are ready to complete the paperwork。

练习十
46、他即使今天都是勇气和历险的象征。 He is,even today,a symbol of courage and adventure。 47、亨宁研究了把英语作为外语学习的学生是如何记忆词汇的。 Henning studied how students who are learning English as a second language remember vocabulary。 48、迁徙成为一种习惯,现在尽管冰川已经消失,这种习惯仍然继续。 In time,the migration became a habit,and now,although the glaciers have disappeared ,the habit continues。 49、当积雪的任何一部分太厚,并且与下面的部分不相粘结的话,问题就出现了。过去几星期下的雪 在高于十二月到一月上旬的温度下开始融化。 Problems come when any particular section is too thick and not sticking to the section beneath。The snow of the past few weeks had been falling in rather higher temperatures than those of December and early January。 50、对于度假的滑雪者来说,令人欣慰的是,雪崩事故很少发生在有足迹的滑雪坡上。 The one comfort to recreational skiers,however,is that avalanche incidents on the marked ski slopes are quite rare。No ski resort wants the image of being a death trap。

练习十一
51、减肥是件苦差事,大多数人都想找到一条又快又简单的减肥方法。 Losing weight is hard work,but most people want to find a fast and easy way to take off fat。 52、他受到尊重部分源自其自身,他友好、判断力强、文雅、开朗、正直,新、 旧世界他都热爱。 The respect in which he was held was partly owing to the man himself , with his warm friendliness , his good sense,his urbanity,his gay spirits,his artistic integrity,and his love of both the Old World and the New。 53、用这种简单的方法,肾脏可以保存 24 到 48 小时而不会变质,在此段时间里能被转移到很远的地 方。 Kidneys can be conserved in this simple way for 24 to 48 hours with little deterioration,and during this time they can be moved for long distances。 54、很多顾客采用的一个简单又常用的方法是直接向商店经理投诉。 A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager。 55、他或她会将卖方告上法庭,或者他们会向保护消费者权益的私人或公共机构进行举报。 She or he can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a private or public organization responsible for protecting consumers’ rights。

练习十二
56、这样,性价比高的商品可以不断地提供给不同收入层次的人们。 In this way,better quality products at good values are continually being brought to the people of all income groups。 57、牢记翻译者工作的性质,即对书面语进行操作,严格地说,并不要求翻译者一定能够讲他正在翻 译的语言。 Bearing in mind the nature of the translator ’s work,i.e.,the processing of the written word,it is ,strictly speaking,unnecessary that he should be able to speak the languages he is dealing with。 58、学生也可能在学习期间在两所大学交叉学习,尽管这样做并不常见。 It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice。 59、洗钱是将非法途径得来的钱,在合法收入的掩盖下使之进入流通领域的过程。 Money laundering is the process by which money obtained by illegal means is given the appearance of legitimate income and returned into circulation。 60、市场的自由及对汇率控制的撤销成为过去十年来洗钱活动迅速发展的两大主要原因。 The liberalization of markets around the world and deregulation of exchange controls are regarded as the chief causes of the rapid expansion of the money laundering over the past decade。

练习十三
61、诺贝尔宁愿自己不是作为甘油炸药的发明者而被人们记住,因此,他在 1895 年去世的两个星期 创立了一项基金,奖励对人类做出有价值贡献的人们。 Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite,so in 1895,just two weeks before his death ,he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to mankind。 62、死记硬背是日本学校采用的一种重要的学习方法,然而很多学生反映考试过后他们就忘记了背过 的大部分内容。 Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools,yet many students say that after an exam,they forget much of the information that they have memorized。 63、教导他失败比作弊要光荣得多。

Teach him it is far more honorable to fail than to cheat。 64、因为时尚的变化,衣裳仅仅穿了几次就要被丢到一边。 Clothes which have been worn only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion。 65、有人会想,女性服饰时尚不断发生改变的事实是不是反映出其本身存在的一 种变化无常、极不稳 定的基本特性呢? Do the constantly changing fashions of women’s clothes,one wonders,reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability?

练习十四
67、许多百岁老人强调独立自主地做自己想做的事,远离烦恼和情感压力,保持平静的心态很重要。 Many of the centenatians emphasized the importance of being independent and free to do the things they enjoyed and wanted to do ,and of maintaining a placid state of mind free from worry or emotional strain。 68、即使某一份工作对你来说并不理想,每个面试都可以让你从中学到些东西。 Even if a job is not perfect for you ,every interview can make you learn from it。 练习十五 71、也许,原因是登广告能让生产者省心,不用去考虑消费者。 Perhaps the reason is that advertising saves the manufacturers from having to think about the customer。 72、女发言人说: “与在日本不同,中国的机构没有要求召回汽车,但本田公司决定更换橡胶连接以 向中国客户提供同等服务。 ” “No mechanism in China requires the recall of cars as it does in Japan,but Honda decided to replace the rubber connector in order to provide the same service to Chinese consumers。 ”the spokesman said。 73、去年由罗波尔国际调研公司所做的一项调查发现,几乎有 70%的接受调查者表示如果他们的家庭 收入能够再增加一倍,他们会更幸福。 A survey conducted last year by Roper Starch Worldwide, Inc.,found that almost 70 percent of the respondents said they would be happier if their families had twice as much household income。 74、出版商不太确信书出版后一定能赚钱,他想与作者分摊出版费,而她只希望能赚足够的钱为自己 买一条新的丝绸衣裙。 The publisher was so doubtful , he wanted her to split the publishing costs with him , and all she hoped was that it would make enough money for her to buy a new silk dress。 75、它巨大的影响激励了反对奴隶制的运动,也激怒了奴隶制的拥护者。 Its vast influence strengthened the anti-slavery movement and angered defenders of the slave system。 模拟题一 76 防止或处理不当行为问题的关键是学着去教你的狗将它们平时所谓正常的行为纠正过来,使它们的 行为更适合家庭环境。 77 修枝包括剪除生长过于旺盛和多余的树枝,没经验的花匠常被告知误修会造成比任由树木自己生长 更大的损害。 78 但渐渐的,当人们阅读了这篇演讲,他们有了更好的理解。 79 这些限制包括自然资源的固定供应, 工业对自然环境造成不利影响的可能性, 以及世界人口的不断 增加。 模拟题二 81 记忆可定义为存储信息以备后用的能力。 82 有了智能电器,你就可以打开笔记本电脑,并确定你的咖啡壶或烤箱已关闭。 83 然后修理人员就会在网上进行分析诊断,并至少会在理论上安排上门修理的时间,如果需要也会带 上些需替换的零部件。 84 我认为不管一个孩子今后一生中要做什么,应在他年纪小时就及早开始做他要做的事。 85 垃圾这个词可能会失去它的意义,因为一切倒到垃圾堆里的东西都将被做成有用之物。

六、写作

1) The Pleasure and Pains of Childhood 1. Childhood is a time when there are few responsibilities to make life difficult ( 童年是没有责任让生活变 得困难的一段时光)。 If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved , whatever he may do. (如果有好的父母, 孩子会被喂好, 照顾好和受到关爱, 不管他做什么)Children will be given many things without having to do anything in return. ( 孩子们会被给予很多新事物却不要做任何事情来回 报)。A child can play in the rain or in the snow. (孩子们可以在雨中玩也可以在雪地里玩) They can also visit the beautiful places and enjoy the nature ( 他们可以去风景优美的地方,可以去享受大自然)。 They have no pressure from life.( 他们没有生活的压力) 2. But a child has his pains(但是孩子也有自己的痛苦)he is not free to do as he wishes( 他不能随心所 欲地做事情), he is often told what to do and what not to do( 他经常会被告之该做什么不该做什么) If he does something wrong, he will be punished (如果他做错事了, 他会受到惩罚) Therefore his life is not perfectly happy. (所以,他的生活也不是完全快乐的)

2)How to Behave in an Interview 1. In order to make a good impression during a job interview, you need to prepare yourself for it. ( 为了在面 试中留下一个好印象,你需要自己做好准备) You should arrive for the interview a little earlier so that you can have plenty of time to relax yourself before the interview. (你需要早点到面试的地方这样你就 有充分的时间在面试之前放松你自己) 2. The impression you make as you walk into the room is very important. (你走进面试房间所留下的印象 是很重要的) You should know the rules about dress and try to dress according to it. (你应该了解穿着的 规定并且按照要求来穿着) 3. You also need to plan what you are going to say. ( 你还需要规划你将要说什么) You need to answer many questions about your education and experience( 你需要回答很多关于你的教育和经历方面的问 题)You also need to talk about your strong points and weak points, your reasons for the job and the salary you expect. (你还需要谈论你的长处和短处, 你申请这份工作的原因以及你期望得到的薪水) 4. You will also be allowed to ask some questions. ( 你也允许问很多问题) You can ask questions like these ( 你可以问这些问题) What will I have to do in the job? (我在工作中主要做什么) Do I have the opportunity for further education and promotion? ( 我有接受进一步教育以及升职的机会吗) Does the company provide health insurance? ( 公司提供医保吗?)

4) Should College Students Do Part-time Jobs? 1.Most students think that doing part-time jobs when studying at college can provide them with an opportunity to get in touch with the society. ( 大多数的学生认为在读大学时做兼职工作可以给他们接触 社会的机会) Also, students can support themselves by doing part-time jobs. (而且学生可以通过做兼职工作 来养活自己) 2. However, it’s not easy to find jobs which are suitable for students. ( 然而, 找到适合学生的工作并不 容易) Some jobs require long hours of dull work and the working conditions may be harmful to their health. ( 一些工作需要长时间做很枯燥的工作, 而且工作条件对他们的健康也是有害的。 ) Some jobs may expose them to the negative aspects of the society---dishonesty and corruption. ( 一些工作会让他们暴露在 社会的阴暗面下, 比如不诚实和腐败) 3. Therefore , students should take a second thought in deciding whether they should do part-time job or what kind of jobs they should choose. (因此, 学生们在决定是否要做兼职和做什么兼职工作上应该要三 思而行) If they are lucky to take a good job, they will benefit from it. ( 如果他们很幸运找到一份好兼职, 他们会从中受益) They can get work experience and learn how to communicate with others( 他们能够获 得工作经验, 学会如何与他人交流) Otherwise, it is a waste of time and energy. (否则, 就是浪费时间和精 力)

5) A Reply to a Birthday Party Dear Henry, Happy birthday to you I got the invitation to your birthday party yesterday morning. ( 我昨天早上收到了参加你的生日宴 会的邀请)Thank you for inviting me to join in your party. ( 谢谢你邀请我参加你的生日宴会) I tried to reschedule my activities, but I’m sorry to tell you that I’ll not be able to join you. ( 我努力地重新安排我的行 程表, 但是很抱歉我不能参加你的生日宴会) My boss and I have to leave for shanghai next week for an international trade affair. ( 我和我的老板下周要去上海处理国际贸易方面的事雾 ) There is not any possibility of cancelling it ( 不可能取消) I will go to see you as soon as I am back. ( 我一回去就去看你) I am sure you will have a great fun at the party. ( 我相信你的生日宴会一定充满了乐趣) Sincerely yours Jane

6) My View on E-mail 1. Electronic mail, E-mail for short, is a new way of communication by means of computers. ( 电子邮件, 简称 E-mail, 是一种新的通过电脑的交流方式) Because it is fast, cheap and convenient, it is a very popular means of communication. ( 因为它迅速,便宜和方便, 它是一种非常受欢迎的通讯方式) 2. Millions of computers all over the world have been connected to form a global network, namely the Internet. ( 全世界上百万台电脑连接在一起形成了一个全球网络, 即互连网) You can send or receive letters to people anywhere.( 你可以向任何地方的人发送和接收信件) You can also store, delete and compile information. ( 你还可以存储, 删除和编辑信息)In a word, E-mail helps you overcome spatial and time limitations in communication. ( 总之, 电子邮件帮助我们克服通信上的时 空限制) 3. With the rapid growing popularity of computers and expansion of information highway, E-mail is expected to play a more and more important role in our lives. (随着电脑的越来越流行和信息高速公 路的膨胀, 电子邮件有望在我们的生活当中起着越来越重要的作用。)

8) Career Hopping Today, growing numbers of men and women are changing careers or getting second starts in careers that have greater appeal to them. (今天越来越多的人换工作或者选择对他们有更大吸引力的第二份职 业) Many people find their job is not satisfactory and want to change for a different job.( 很多人发现他们的 工作不是很令人满意,所以想去换另外一份工作) Job changes and careers shifts occur at all ages. ( 换工作在任何年龄段都会发生) It is estimated that as many as one out of four male workers between the age of twenty and twenty-five change their lines of work. ( 据估计每四名年龄在 20 至 25 岁之间的男性工人会改变他们的工作) About half that number do so between the age of 25 to 44. (据估计每八名年龄在 25 至 44 岁之间的男性工人会改变他们的工作) Some married women will combine child-rearing responsibilities with new career lines.(一些已婚的女性会把抚养 孩子的责任和新的职业生涯结合起来) Motives for changing careers vary widely, but many people move because they feel bored with the dull routine. ( 跳槽的动机很多,但很多人是因为他们厌倦了枯燥的常规性的工作) By a new second start, they might do what they want to do. ( 通过重新开始, 他们或许能做他们想做的事情) Some people go back to school to get trained before they make a shift in their jobs. (一些人回到学校接受训练在他们改变自己的 职业生涯之前)

11) Turn off Your Mobile Phone With the development of information technology and reduced price of communication products, the mobile phone has become a necessity for people. ( 随着信息技术的发展和通讯产品价格的下降,手机已 经成为人们的一个必需品) It shortens the distance between people and makes our life easier and more

convenient.( 它缩短了人与人之间的距离, 使得我们的生活变的简单又方便) Today we can contact anybody anywhere at any time. (今天我们可以随时随地联系任何人) However, have you noticed that mobile phone also brings embarrassment to people? ( 然而你有没有 注意到手机也给人们带来了不便) Some people shout loudly on the phone in public as if there were no one else present. ( 一些人大声地在公众场合打电话好象周围没有其他人似的) On some important occasions such as classes or meetings, we can hear the mobile phone ring continuously. ( 在一些重要的场合例如上 课或开会, 我们会听到手机不断地响) People around them will be disturbed and can’t concentrate on what they’re doing. ( 他们周围的人会受被打扰无法集中注意力去做事情)

12) A Healthy Lifestyle Dear James, I am glad to get your letter. ( 我很高兴收到你的来信) Do you still feel stressful? (你还感到压力很大 吗?) As far as I know, a lot of people live in a way that is wearing themselves out. ( 据我所知,很多人以一 种让自己感到疲劳的方式生活) In fact, life doesn’t have to be like that. ( 实际上,生活并不需要如此) There is an important principle in your life, that is , managing your time. ( 生活中有一个很重要的原则, 那 就是合理安排时间) To make it simple, decide what is important in your life and put it first.(简单地说, 确 定生活中什么最重要然后把它放在首位)Take your time to relax yourself. ( 花些时间来放松你自己) You can take a nap, have a walk , watch TV, listen to music and so on. ( 你可以小睡一会儿, 散散步, 看看 电视,听听音乐等等)Don’t bring your work home from the office. (不要把工作从办公室带回家里) Each of us has to make choice and accept trade-offs. ( 我们每各人都要做出选择进行权衡) Anyhow, we should do something for ourselves. ( 不管怎么说,我们要为自己做些事情) I hope you can manage your life. (我希望你可以合理安排你的生活) Yours faithfully Linda

14) Making a Phone Call or Writing a Letter. When there is a need to communicate with people, we either make a phone call or write a letter. ( 当 我们需要和别人交流时,我们选择打电话或者写信) Some people like making a phone call while others prefer writing a letter. ( 一些人喜欢打电话而另外一些人喜欢写信) The advantage of phoning is evident. ( 打电话的好处很明显) It is fast and convenient. ( 它很快捷方 便) We can contact anyone at any time to discuss things. ( 我们可以随时和任何人谈论事情) However, long-distance calls are much more expensive than writing letters. (然而, 打长途电话比写信要贵很多) Writing letters is cheap but it takes days or even weeks for a letter to reach its destination. ( 写信较便宜, 但 要花好几天甚至好几周才能到达目的地) Both making a phone call and writing a letter are effective means of communication. ( 打电话和写 信都是有效的交流方式) It is wise to make use of them both on different occasions. ( 在不同的场合使用两 者中的某一个是明智的选择)

15)A Letter of Application Dear Sir, I was pleased to see your ad in the newspaper on December 25th for a sales engineer. ( 我很高兴 看到 12 月 25 日报纸上的销售工程师的招聘广告) In July I will receive my bachelor’s degree in Electronic Engineering from Nanjing University. ( 7 月我将从南京大学获得电子工程学的学士学位) I’d like to apply for the job. ( 我想申请这个职位) I believe I am a competitive candidate for your post because both my education and work experience meet your requirement. ( 我认为我是合适的人选,为我的教育和工作经验都满足你们的 要求) Besides courses concerning electronics, I also took courses such as Marketing , Consumer Behavior Strategies. (除了有关电子学的课程之外,我还学习了市场营销学, 消费者行为策略) Lat summer, I participated in an electronic project, from which I have gained practical experience in this field. ( 去年夏 天, 我参与了一个电子项目, 从中获得了这个领域的实际经验) I would welcome an opportunity to join your company because your post is what I want. (我很希望加 入你们公司因为这个职位是我想要的) If you feel that I might be the right person for the job, I would be ready for an interview at your convenience.(如果你认为我是这个工作的合适人选, 我愿意在你方 便的时候来面试) I am looking forward to your early reply. (期待你尽早回复) Sincerely yours, Zhou Fang

16) A Letter of Complaint Dear Sir, I am writing to complain about one of your bus drivers, who was so rude to the passengers.( 我写 信是投诉你们的一位公交车司机对乘客态度粗鲁) Yesterday, I was taking the bus No. 133 to school. ( 昨天我作 133 路车去学校) It was about 9:30 in the morning. (是早上 9 点半) It was not the rush-hour and there were not many passengers on the bus. ( 不是上下班交通高峰期车上乘客不多) But the driver drove so fast and he didn’t slow down even when the bus turned around street corners. ( 司机开得很快在转弯的时候都没有放慢速度) One of the passengers asked him to drive slowly but he didn’t listen. ( 其中一名乘客叫他开慢点但他不听) When the bus reach the next stop, a man stood up and walked to the door. ( 当车到达下一站时, 他站 起来朝车门走去) The driver stopped the bus so suddenly that the man could not keep his balance and fell on the floor. ( 司机突然停下来, 他失去平衡摔倒在地上) The driver didn’t make an apology and asked him to get off the bus right away.( 司机没有道歉,叫他立即下车) I think that public bus system should serve the public whole-heartedly. (我认为公交系统要全心 全意地服务公众) The safety of passengers should be the major concern. ( 乘客的安全应该被给予主要的关注) It is my sincere hope that proper measures ought to be taken to prevent such incidents from happening again. ( 我真诚地希望能采取正确的措施阻止类似的事件再次发生)




友情链接: 高中资料网 职业教育网 成人教育网 理学 大学工学资料